And The Surrounding District

Quarry View Cottage

Now called

Under the Hollybush

Other names          None

Origin of name          Overlooks the quarry

Date built          Modern House started in 1998

This is the history of two pieces of land. One with a cottage, or, more correctly, two cottages under one roof (OS Nos 9 & 13, 1.2 acres). There is an established right of access via the brown track. The other just a piece of land (OS No 32, 0.5 acre).

The story is complex because somewhere there was another cottage and some of the land (Fields 10, 11 & 12) are sold off from the present property. It is not always clear which property is being referred to in the surviving documents. Essentially, however, it all passes through the Bunn family to Charles Baldwin.

The key members of the Bunn family are shown below

George Bunn 1730-1792

His eldest son

William Bunn 1753-1838

His son

George Bunn 1790-1870

His son

Joseph Bunn 1815-1875

His son

Alfred George Bunn (George) 1855-1934

Another son of George Bunn (1730-1792) is Thomas Bunn (1769-) who presumably is the one who bought it in 1812.

Maria Bunn (nee Clutterbuck) (1862-1901) was the first wife of Albert Bunn (1859-1881) who was the son of Thomas Bunn (1830-1922) who was the son of George Bunn (1790-1870)

William Howells was presumably related to Elizabeth Ann Howells (1872-), second wife of Albert Bunn (1859-1881).

The second branch of the Bunn family, who owned the ½ acre piece of land, have not yet been linked to the other part of the family. It comprises:

William Bunn senior (1837-1913)

His sons

Thomas Bunn (1865-1913)

William Bunn junior (1866-1953) and his wife Sarah Ann Maund (1874-1969)

The Property

In 1812, 9 July the property is owned by William Bunn, Labourer, who has leased it to Thomas Bunn (Brickmaker of Berrow) for one year. William is the eldest son of George Bunn (deceased) of Berrow. He sells it to Thomas Bunn for £45: two cottages and 3 pieces of ground.

In 1819, there is a reference to two cottages and a newly erected cottage.

In 1825, the property is owned by John Thackwell of Dymock. He agreed a 99 year lease with Thomas Bunn (born 1797): a cottage with garden, 75 yards by 25 yards.

In 1826, Thomas Bunn dies intestate.

In 1829, John Thackwell died and left his real estate to his wife, his daughter Ann Cam and to Ann Cam's son John Cam.

In 1849, 20 August sold by W Bunn and Wm Goodwin (as Trustees for George Bunn) to Joseph Bunn.

In 1875, 8 June, Joseph Bunn died. His Will required his property to be sold and the proceeds to be shared equally between his children: Frederick, Joseph, George and Sarah. They had the option to buy the property.

In 1876, 29 June, conveyance of land and property at Hollybush by Mr Samuel Somers, Hoop Maker, (as Trustee of Joseph Bunn, deceased) to George Bunn (also known as Alfred George Bunn). Two cottages under one roof with barn, yards, gardens and several pieces of arable and pasture land adjoining, formerly in the occupation of Joseph Bunn and his tenants William Howells and Maria Bunn; containing 2 rods 6 perches.

In 1908, 2 July, Tenancy Agreement between George Bunn and James & Albert Baldwin. (Four acres). The tenants were not allowed to sell any hay or manure from the premises. Once the old cottage was put into good order, the garden was to be excluded from the tenancy.

In 1908, 10 July, Alfred George Bunn takes out a mortgage with Vincent Whittenbury Meacham.

The security consists of: Two cottages under one roof and also Messuage or tenement with barn, yards, gardens, and several pieces of pasture or arable land adjoining (formerly in the possession of Joseph Bunn and his tenants Wm Howells and Maria Bunn) containing 3 acres 2 roods 6 perches, bounded on the South and South East by Ragged Stone Hill, on the East by a road leading out from Ledbury to Tewkesbury Road to the White Leafed Oak and on all other sides by lands of Lord Somers. It comprises:

Parsonage Patch Pasture, 1 acre 2 roods 17 perches

Cottage and garden and land pasture 3 roods 5 perches

Cottage and garden and arable 1 acre 24 perches

In 1922, 18 October, Charles Baldwin bought the cottages and land described below, from Mr A G Bunn (then living at Harestone, Preston Road, Withington) for £180. It was in the occupation of Albert Baldwin. 3 acres 2 rods 6 perches.

From 1932, Charles Baldwin's brothers, Bert and George, successively resided at the cottage, together with friends and visitors, until it became vacant in 1977. Frederick Jonathan Daniels visited the property on a regular basis, using the access, from 1977 to 1994.

In 1954, 12 January, Sarah Bunn of Nurseries, Mathon Road, Colwall declared that she is the widow of William Bunn junior (married 27 September 1911 at Mathon PC) of the Hacketts, Colwall. Her husband was the son of William Bunn senior. William Bunn senior died intestate 8 May 1913 and the land passed to his eldest son Thomas Bunn. Thomas died May 1917 intestate and unmarried and it passed to William Bunn junior. The land passes to Sarah Bunn. All this relates only the ½ acre field. In 1954, 20 January, conveyance by the personal representative of William Bunn deceased to Charles Baldwin (1887-1976), Timber Dealer of Hollybush Post Office, of this parcel of land for £25.

In 1992, 25 February, the Will of Charles Baldwin was proved by his Executor, William Herbert Masefield. He assents to the vesting in Frederick John Daniels of Ragged Stone Cottage, The Old Post Office and the parcel of land conveyed 20th January 1954 to Baldwin by Sarah Ann Bunn.  Frederick Jonathan Daniels is the nephew of Charles Baldwin.

Quarry View Cottage (Fields 9 & 13 on the 1922 map) and the separate piece of land was sold by Frederick Jonathan Daniels to Simon for £44,000. The two pieces of land and access are recorded at H M Land Registry on the plan above. Land is edged red, access is coloured orange.

In 1994, 22 June sale to Simon Watts.

In 2004, 17 November, Ledbury Reporter. They say an Englishman's home is his castle, but few modern home-builders can boast walls 5ft thick and a spiral staircase weighing 14 tons. The earth dwelling one man is building at Hollybush, under the southern tip of the Malvern Hills, has just such dimensions - and these are only in the annexe. After five years of working on his dream house three days a week, Simon Watts, of Oak Row, Upton-upon-Severn, has created a magnificent structure he describes as "a bed-sitter" or granny annexe.

The 45-year-old engineer obtained planning permission in 1998 for a two-storey house with a garage on one side and an annexe on the other. Doing most of the work himself, he has now shifted around 3,000 tons of rock, made a start on the garage and constructed the major part of the annexe. This is on three floors, linked by a spiral staircase of reconstituted stone, each step individually cast by him. All the walls are well insulated, apart from one room in the cellar, perfect for storing wine at a constant temperature of 10 degrees C. Mr Watts started on the annexe first to gain experience and plans to live there with his wife, Mariana, while he builds the main house

"I think she would have liked me to get on with the living accommodation before I started on the garage, but it became convenient to excavate it because I found someone who wanted the rock," he said. "It will make a useful workshop and storage space while I'm building the house." He estimates it will take another six months or so to have the annexe looking pretty, with an exposed wall around the entrance faced in rustic stone excavated from the site. "Who knows how long it will be before it's ready for living in" he said. In the meantime, he looks upon the project as a hobby, working on it over long weekends while continuing to run his Upton company, IDA Concepts.

Large cellars under the building will house services for the house and swimming pool, including a large water tank, which will act as a heat store. Being well insulated, the house should be cheap to heat, with triple glazed windows and low-grade heating provided by collecting passive solar heat. For a water supply, it has its own 100m deep borehole, created by Mr Watts, who is a member of the British Earth Sheltering Association. He has already planted 300 native trees around his land as a wildlife habitat, created a pond and bog garden and replanted a former orchard with 18 fruit trees.

The whole of the earth dwelling and garage will be the same height as the hill, created through a process known as "cut and shut". This means it fits into a "bite" out of the hillside, later to be reinstated and covered in turf. Mr Watts said he had learnt many technical details while building the annexe, which will stand him in good stead when he starts on the house. The annexe has an arched entrance hall, split-level living room and kitchen, cloakroom, shower rooms and mezzanine bedroom, with a rooftop observatory above and a large cellar below.

The kitchen has a round window recessed into the thick wall beside the entrance door, but the windowless living room is below ground level and its natural light will come from above, reflected off an interior wall from the glass floor of the observatory.

When the annexe is finished, most of its curved walls will be buried in the hillside, with only the observatory and the stone-faced front around the entrance door visible from outside. It will be connected to the main house by an underground corridor.

Contemplating the solid walls, topped by concrete and 20 tons of steel roof beams, Mr Watts admitted cheerfully that it was all "massively over-engineered." "The walls are 5ft at their thickest, partly to maintain the integrity of the building below ground level," he said. "I could have made them thinner above ground, but I like things to be solid. "It's a sound proof building, so we certainly won't disturb the neighbours."

Census Records

In 1841, occupied by George Bunn, Agricultural Labourer (aged 50), his wife Ann (aged 50) and their children George (aged 20), Elizabeth (aged 15), Frederick (aged 10), Thomas (aged 9) and Charles (aged 2).  

In 1851,

In 1861,

In 1871.

In 1881,

In 1891,

In 1901,

In 1911, occupied by Albert Baldwin, General Labourer (aged 30), his wife Sarah Ann (aged 25) and their children Lucy Letitia (aged 2) and Fanny Cicely (aged 6m).

In 1939, occupied by Albert Baldwin, Wood Cutter (aged 59) and his wife Sarah A (aged 54).  

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