THE BCH ARCHIVE

LOCAL HISTORY FOR

BIRTSMORTON

CASTLEMORTON

HOLLYBUSH

And The Surrounding District

In 1841, named as 'Late Hunt's, occupied by John Bullock, Poulterer (aged 40), his wife Elizabeth (aged 30), and their children Harriet (aged 11), Elizabeth (aged 7), Henry (aged 6) and John (aged 10 months), Also living there is Josiah Bullock, Agricultural Labourer (aged 40).


In 1850, Sydney Downing was charged with being drunk in the Plough Lane, Castlemorton. P.S. Workman proved the case. Fined 2s. 6d, and costs, default one week.


In 1851, as the Plough Beerhouse, occupied by John Bullock, Farmer of 6 acres and Publican (aged 43), his wife Elizabeth, Poultry Dealer (aged 43) and their children Harriet (aged 21), Elizabeth (aged 17), Henry (aged 15), John (aged 9) and Jane (aged 2).  


In 1855 John Bullock was trading as a Poulterer, and under the terms of his mortgage was instructed to insure his premises in case of loss by fire.


In 1861, Francis Davis is farming 8 acres near Eight Oaks Farm, with his wife Harriet and daughters Elizabeth and Sarah A. He was born in Berrow.


In 1865, Bullock sold the property to Francis Davis, a Farmer and Dealer from Castlemorton, for £640 and he repaid his mortgage.


In 1871 Census, occupied by Francis Davis, Publican (aged 39), his wife Harriet (aged 38) and their children Elizabeth (aged 17, Dressmaker), Sarah A (aged 15), Martin (aged 8), Rosa (aged 6), Margaret (aged 4) and Fanny (aged 1).


In 1875, May, Francis Davis, beerhouse keeper, of Castlemorton, was charged on the information of Sergeant Merryfield with allowing pitch and toss on his premises. Mr. Bentley, of Worcester, appeared for defendant. Charles Hawkes said that he was at defendant's house on the 14th of May, and he saw four men pitching pennies. He did not know how long they were tossing, or what they were tossing for. The Bench, without calling on Mr. Bentley to answer, dismissed the case, there being, in their opinion, no evidence to support the charge.


In 1881, Francis Davis is Farmer of 32 Acres employing one Labourer (aged 62) living there with his wife Harriet (aged 61) and their children Margaret (aged 16), Edith (aged 14), Fanny aged 12 and their granddaughter Caroline Jones (aged 2). His and his wife's agesd are 10 years too high.


In 1885, licence transferred to Mr Hale.


In 1886, August. Francis Davis, farmer, Castlemorton, was examined under the Bankruptcy Act by the Official Receiver (Mr. C. M. Downes). The debtor in his statement of affairs stated that bhe owed, exclusive of a mortgage, £181. 18s. Id., and that his assets were worth about £45. He owed £60 for rent, and that he had assets to pay his unsecured creditors. For 30 years he kept the Plough Inn, Castlemorton. Eight years ago he took, in addition to the inn, a small farm of 20 acres, for which he paid rent at the rate of £3 per acre. He gave £900 for his house, £640 of which he raised on mortgage, and the difference he had been paying off for some years by instalments. He made sufficient profit out of the public-house and out of sheep dealing to pay off £200. The mortgagees were the lodge of Oddfellows at Upton-on-Severn. A lot of his sheep had died from disease. The examination then closed.


The property passed into the ownership of Severns Pridce Lodge of Oddfellows, a Friendly Society based in Upton upon Severn, who rented it to W Hale and then to William Hooper.

In 1888, John Abel, of Malvern, was charged by Superintendent Wasley with being drunk at the Plough Inn, Castlemorton, on the 20th ult. Defendant it appeared, was bailiff "in possession," and was in a very bad state. The landlord said he "did not want him there." Fined 10s. and costs, in default seven days.


In 1888, James Hiddens (23), agent, and George Gamble (23), labourer, were indicted for stealing £5 the money of Cush Cowderhill, at Castlemorton on July 24th. Mr. Cranstoun was for the prosecution; Mr. R. H. Amphlett for Gamble, and Mr. Vachell for Hiddens. Prosecutor said he was a cattle dealer living at Chickley. On the day named he went to the Plough Inn, Castlemorton. He had three sovereigns and four half sovereigns loose in one pocket, and in purse another pocket he had £3 10s. in gold, and cheque for £280. Whilst he was in the Plough he made a bet, and had occasion to place the three sovereigns and four half sovereigns on the table. Prisoners were there. Witness afterwards replaced the money in his pocket. At ten o'clock he started to go home and was followed by Hiddens, who said “You have got some money about you. You had better stay here tonight or you may get robbed. They have provided a bed for you.” Witness thereupon returned the house and went upstairs with Hiddens. Gamble also came with the landlady and the landlord, Hall, was lying on the bed. Witness got into the bed, having previously seen that his money was right and hung his coat up. Hiddens was there at the time, but Gamble and the landlady had gone. Hiddens stayed and slept in the same bed with witness. He was lying close to witness's coat. The landlord was also in the bed. Next morning when witness woke, the landlord said there were some horses in the orchard, and went downstairs. Witness took his coat and followed, Hidden coming down later. Witness afterwards felt in his pocket and found his money was missing with the exception of the cheque. He made a complaint to the landlord, who went out and spoke to Hiddeins. The landlord said to Hiddens, “If you've got the money give it him back." He also asked witness whether he would stand drink if he got his money back, and witness replied that he would. The landlord went upstairs and Hiddens then motioned towards him indicate that he (the landlord) had the money, and added "You will get your money back." Information was given to the police and warrant was issued against Hiddens. Subsequently at the Robin Hood Inn witness saw Hiddens and Gamble together. Mr. Amphlett, in cross-examination, asked prosecutor if he was not often drunk for week at a time. Prosecutor: Never for a week, nor two days. Mr. Amphlett : Have you been drunk for day Prosecutor (very emphatically) : Many a time. (Laughter.) Mr. Amphlett: Were you drinking heavily on this day? Prosecutor: No I only had two pints of cider. Mr. Amphlett : Anything else Prosecutor: No. Mr Amphlett : Don't you ever drink beer? Prosecutor: Never. Always cider or drop of whiskey. Mr. Amphlett: Sometimes you have a drop of both Prosecutor: Not mixed. I like separate. In answer to further questions prosecutor admitted having had cider several times in the course of the day. Mr. Amphlett: Didn't challenge people to fight whilst you were at the Plough Prosecutor: No. Mr. Amphlett : You didn't challenge anyone to fight? Prosecutor: No, but I was challenged, and I took up. The landlord wanted to fight me for 18s, but I wouldn't be knocked about for that (laughter) and so I pulled out the five pounds. The landlord had his shirt off, and was "spoiling for fight." (Laughter.) Mr. Amphlett : Why didn't you have a fight ? Prosecutor: Because he could not cover the £5. I would not be knocked about for 18s. but I would have had a round or two for £5 then or to-night if he liked. (Laughter.) Re-examined Mr. Cranstoun, Prosecutor said he was quite certain his money was safe when he went bed on the night in question. Elizabeth Taylor, daughter of the landlord of the Feathers Inn deposed that the two prisoners went to that house on the morning of the July, and between eight and nine o'clock they had five threepenny worths of whiskey each and two pints of cider. Mary Hicks, attendant at the Robin Hood Inn, stated that the prisoners went there between nine and ten o'clock, and stayed there four hours. They had some cider, and afterwards some beer. Thomas Watson, farmer, said Gamble had worked for him. He paid him 4s, the balance of money due to him, on Saturday the 21st July. At midday on the 24th July be asked witness to lend him shilling. Edwin Hayes, of the Hawthorn Inn, Malvern Wells, said the prisoners came to his house on the 25th July and had some drink, Gamble tendering half sovereign in payment. They also asked others to drink with them. John Tupley, Booking Clerk at Malvern Wells Midland Station, said the prisoners came there- July 25th and took tickets to Worcester. Elizabeth Bowcott, of Dolday, deposed that she saw Gamble in Newport-street, Worcester, on the evening of July 25th. He gave her half-a-sovereign, which she changed, returning him 7s. Later on both prisoners were at witness's house, and Hidden gave half-a-crown to another girl. Elizabeth Harper, wife of butcher, of Malvern Wells, said Gamble went to her shop on July 26th to pay a bill of 2s. 2d, which had been owing for two years P.S. Workman deposed to the arrest of the prisoners. For the defence Mr. Amphtett called William Kendrick, labourer, of Birtsmorton, also said he saw prosecutor the Plough Inn, on the 24th July. He was drunk. He threw on the table and some of it dropped on the floor. He was also throwing money about in the orchard. William Hall, landlord of the Plough Inn. corroborated, and said when prosecutor complained of the loss of his money in the morning he asked him if he counted it before he went to bed, Prosecutor replied that he did not. James Dowding, labourer, saw prosecutor throwing his money about carelessly in the hay field and him offer to fight anybody in Castlemorton for He was also throwing his money about in the Plough very unconcernedly. Cross-examined: Witness did not see any of the money picked off the table. He denied having said to the prosecutor that if he would give him some money he would give evidence against the prisoners. Mr. Amphlett, in addressing the jury for the defence, said there seemed to have been regular public-house row and it was a very hard case for the jury to have to try and investigate whether any money was taken from the prosecutor. There seemed to have been a great quantity of cider consumed by all parties concerned the case. (Laughter). The prosecutor, according to the evidence, was in state of absolute intoxication, and was throwing about his money the hay field with exceptional indifference. And if the prisoner came into possession of the money in consequence of his carelessness he did not think the jury would be very compassionate with him or severe with them. The jury found the prisoner guilty. It was stated answer to the Chairman that the license of the Plough Inn had been transferred from Hall. Addressing Hall the Chairman said he had to inform him that the foreman of the grand jury thought it his duty in finding a true bill against the prisoners, to state that their opinion Hall ought have stood the dock with Hiddens and Gamble on this charge. He (Mr. Hastings) made no comment on that. The foreman of the petty jury, which had just tried the prisoners, had also intimated that they were dissatisfied with Hall's evidence, and he (the Chairman) was not only dissatisfied with his evidence, but with his conduct. He had conducted his house in way that was a disgrace to him and to the county that had tolerated him as the holder of license. His expenses would be disallowed. Addressing the prosecutor, the Chairman said that his expenses also would be disallowed. If he chose to get drunk in public house and behave in a scandalous manner, and exhibit his money and tempt people to rob him, he should not have shilling for expenses in any Court over which he presided. The prisoners were each sentenced four months' hard labour.


In 1891, described at the Plough Inn, occupied by William Hooper, Farmer and Dealer (aged 41), his wife Harriet (aged 39) and his mother in law Mary Ann Webb, widow (aged 76).


The Plough Inn Page 2